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中学英语中的系动词+形容词结构  

2008-04-22 22:29:17|  分类: 6.英语论文集 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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朱建中/吴雪年
    系动词(link.v.)是英语动词教学中的一个重要组成部分。系动词不能直接作谓语,它必须与形容词或名词 一起构成合成谓语(系表结构)。我们将中学教材里出现过的、后加形容词作表语的常用系动词归纳如下,以 便中学生学习和运用。
    1.appear似乎,显得
    If the sky appears blue to us on earth,it is because theearth's atmosphere scatters a certai n number of blue rays ofsunlight.(SBII P.198)
    2.be是(表示状态,性质等)
    All the dustbins are full,and there are bags of rubbisheverywhere.(JBVIp.28)
    But the family was poor and the boy could not get many books.(SBI p.85)
    My voice was too weak.(SBII p.276)
    3.become变为,成为
    His dog,which was now very old,became ill and died.(SBI p.210)
    In the autumn the bear eats and eats and becomes very fatindeed.(SBII p.76)
    …and each time you see it your understanding of it willbecome more exact.(SBIII p.73)
    4.fall变为,成为
    Was I falling asleep?(SBII p.275)
    She rubbed and rubbed until long after Wilma had fallenasleep.(SBⅢ p.77)
    5.feel觉得,摸着是
    It made her feel better.(JBⅣ p.107)
    But he still did not feel safe enough.(SBI p.211)
    …the body feels very cold,and the creature maybreatheonly once every five minutes.(SBⅡ p.7 3)
    6.get 变得,变成,成为
    Sports and games build our bodies,prevent us from gettingtoo fat,and keep us healthy.(SBⅡ p .151)
    The days were getting colder,and winter wes near.(SBⅡ p.253)
    As he walked,he began to get hungry.(SBII p.255)
    7.go变,逐渐
    When this happens,we say the bread"has gone mouldy."(SBIp.57)
    8.grow变成,逐渐
    Then little by little,the smoke grew heavier and thickeruntil finally it turned into a terri ble Genie!(JBV p.129)
    As it was growing dark,I came to a car stuck in a drift.(SBII p.275)
    You will grow stronger each time,until you can do andfinish what you started out to do.(SBⅢ
    p.124)
    9.look看来似乎是,面上现……的样子
    The scenery looks so much nicer with your pavilions.(SBIp.172)
    No,they look rather green.(SBⅡ p.141)
    He looked thin and very serious.(SBⅡ p.257)
    10.remain继续,依然
    However,his knowledge of French remained very weak,because he was not good at learning langu ages.(SBI p.250)
    11.seem似乎是,看似
    These ideas may seem strange to you.(SBI p.13)
    My books that a short time ago had seemed so tiresome,soheavy to carry,now seemed to me like
    old friends.(SBII p.180)
    12.smell有……气味
    It smells terrible.(JBⅥ p.28)
    13.sound听起来,似乎
    The guns sounded still closer now,but Dr.Bethune worked on.(JBV p.116)
    His conclusion certainly sounded reasonable.(SBI p.44)
    "Yes,"I tried to shout,but my voice sounded strange.(SBⅡp.276)
    14.stand站立
    Holding the note in his hand,he stood there dumbfounded.(SBI p.174)
    The Swede stood quite still,except that his lips moved slightly.(SBI P.253)
    15.taste有……味道
    The mixture tasted horrible.(JBⅥ p.92)
    16.turn变为
    Gessler turned red with anger.(SBIp.281)
    Some birds will fly away to the south when the weather turns cold.(SBⅡ p.74)
    在语言的实际使用中,我们常常见到:
    1.系动词后面的形容词可用其比较级形式。
    2.作表语的形容词,可由more,quite,rather,so,still,too,very等副词修饰。
    3.当构成否定句或疑问句时,要用do,will等助动词的适当形式。
    值得注意的是,近些年来,在浙江省高中证书会考以及MET中都有考查该结构的试题,如:
    The cloth feels soft.(90年会考第23题)
    The drink tastes good.(91年会考第15题)
    The flowers in the garden smell nice.(92年1月会考第19题)
    The animals seem dead while they are in the state of winter sleep.(92年6月会考第24题)
    Now,a large number of peasants in our country have grown rich on their hard work.(93年会考第 24题)
    The doctor's advice sounds so reasonable that I have to follow it.(94年会考第20题)
    The story sounds true.(MET89第39题)
    These oranges taste good.(MET91第30题)
    He seemed very nervous,and every few seconds he looked towards the main entrance.(MET93第51 题)
    --Do you like the material?
    --Yes,it feels very soft.(MET94第26题)
    (作者单位:浙江宁波姜山中学)

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